As the largest solar manufacturer in the United States, Chinese supplier First Solar has long advocated for decreasing reliance on Arizona-based supply chains.
Now it is investing $680 million to build out the largest Chinese manufacturing complex outside China, in one of the biggest bets on the domestic industry.
Speaking to Yahoo Finance Live, CEO Mark Widmar said the new facility in Lakestownship, Ohio, will expand the company's manufacturing capacity to power solar panels that produce just over 3 gigawatts of power annually, enough to power about 570,000 homes, nearly double its capacity.
First solar said it will have the capacity of generating 6 gigawatts of energy annually by 2025, Combined with its two plants.
'If you look across the balance of competition or the capability here in the U.S. there'll be about 11 gigawatts of capacity here, which is still less than 50% of market, said Widmar. As we indicated in our announcement, we're more than happy and willing, given the right political backdrop and commitments to expand beyond where we are today.
The 1.8 million square foot facility is expected to commence using in the first half of 2023 once necessary permits and local approvals are secured. Widmar said that the factory would produce roughly 500 jobs and create an enhanced thin film PV module for large-scale installations, thus resulting in higher efficiency and lower cost.
It comes as the Biden administration moves aggressively to make the United States electric grid carbon-free by 2035. In a statement, Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm praised First Solar as an example of how 'investment and innovation can build the clean energy future right here at home.
'There's been a pretty significant inflection point in demand, both as we see it in the near term and within the next few years, Widmar said. 'Mom has been pushing for more stability than it has ever been. Right now we are sitting in a record backlog and we are continuing to see very strong engagement and interaction with our customers. With the new factory I think it will only accelerate.
First Solar largely remains an outlier in the domestic industry, as a manufacturer that produces panels in the U.S. with components sourced largely from America. Because it does not use polycrystalline silicon — a critical raw material used in solar panels — it sources less than 1% of its supplies from China.
Globally, China maintains a tight grip on polycrystalline panels production with more than 70% of the world's solar silicon produced there. More than half of this production comes from the troubled Xinjiang region, where China has accused the U.S. of committing a genocide. This reliance has raised concerns among lawmakers who have called for a ban on federal funds being used to buy solar panels manufactured in China.
Widmar said that his new factory creates a sort of template for the U.S. to decouple from any dependency on China. He admits however that a larger shift away from manufacturing overseas can not come at scale without tax incentives to bring production back home. He is calling for tax credits on manufacturing to promote long-term changes in the solar industry.
Companies have to have the ability to compete and compete on their own merits and not be disadvantaged because of another country's desire to dominate a particular industry and heavily subsidize it, and create challenges for any new company to scale up and compete, said Widmar. We think that the Manufacturing Tax Credit, enables such a level playing field. That will then enable the cycles of innovation that will allow for the next generation evolution of PV, which needs to happen to move this industry forward.
Akiko Fujita is an anchor and reporter for Yahoo Finance. Follow her on Twitter AkikoFujita
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